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Incineration and Waste to Energy

The problem with with Incineration and Waste-to-Energy, from a Circular Economy point of view, is that both of these are highly dependent on waste as an input. This means that any efforts to reduce waste, either by the government, the public or private companies, will be offset by the fact that these waste industries are dependent on current levels of waste being generated.


  • There are currently 2 incinerators in Ireland:
    • Dublin Waste-to-Energy (Poolbeg) – Covanta.
  • Waste Incineration – video.

Waste to Energy / Cement production:

  • Black bin waste, along with rejected bales of recycling waste, are used as a fuel in the cement industry as an alternative to fossil fuels.
  • Waste-to-Energy Incineration – video.